He co-founded software program powerhouse Infosys Ltd, grew to become a billionaire and led a large authorities program to create biometric identities for India’s almost 1.4 billion folks.
Now the 66th Nandan Nilekani has one other formidable goal. The high-profile mogul helps Prime Minister Narendra Modi construct an open expertise community that seeks to degree the taking part in area for small merchants within the nation’s fragmented however quickly rising $1 trillion retail market.
Its acknowledged goal is to create a freely accessible on-line system the place retailers and shoppers should purchase and promote all the pieces from 23-cent detergent bars to $1,800 airline tickets. However its obscure goal would ultimately result in Amazon.com Inc. and Walmart Inc. Flipkart, whose on-line supremacy has alarmed the thousands and thousands of native mom-and-pop shops known as kiranas that make up the nation. retail spine.
As the 2 international giants make investments a mixed $24 billion in India and seize 80% of the net retail market with aggressive reductions and most popular vendor promotions, kirana retailers concern an unsure future. Regardless of on-line commerce accounting for about 6% of the overall retail market, they’re apprehensive they are going to ultimately be snuffed out, assembly the identical destiny as many family-owned companies within the US and elsewhere.
The not-for-profit system, generally known as the Open Community for Digital Commerce, or ONDC, seeks to deal with these issues. Not tried elsewhere, it goals to permit small retailers and retailers to plug in and achieve the entry and economic system of scale of giants. Primarily, the federal government will create its personal e-commerce ecosystem for everybody, designed to loosen the grip of firms like Amazon who determine which manufacturers attain key shoppers and On what circumstances?
“It’s an concept whose time has come,” Nilekani mentioned lately in a dialog at his private workplace within the Billionaires Row space of Koramangala, Bangalore, house to among the prime tech tycoons within the nation. “We’re indebted to thousands and thousands of small sellers for exhibiting us a simple method to take part within the new high-growth space of digital commerce.”
A pilot of the non-profit, government-run community is about to roll out to pick out customers in 5 cities subsequent month. Lenders together with ICICI Financial institution Ltd and state-owned Punjab Nationwide Financial institution and State Financial institution of India have purchased stake within the unit. An Amazon spokesperson mentioned they’re making an attempt to higher perceive the mannequin to see if the Seattle-based firm has a job. Flipkart didn’t reply to a request for remark.
India has grow to be a battlefield for some international retail giants who’re both based mostly out of China or struggling to compete with native rivals there. With almost 800 million smartphone customers, the sheer measurement and capability has turned the South Asian nation into a really perfect testing floor for a lot of firms, together with home giants similar to Google, Meta Platforms Inc and billionaire Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Industries Ltd.
In his earlier incarnations, Nilekani helped the federal government develop the Aadhaar biometric ID system, which is roughly the digital equal of the US Social Safety programme. For many Indians, that is the primary proof of their existence. Officers say this helps scale back fraud and be certain that welfare funds attain the suitable folks. Nilekani additionally helped launch a fee spine known as the United Funds Interface, or UPI. Customers like Google and WhatsApp used it, it crossed 5 billion transactions final month.
Appointed as an advisor to ONDC final summer time, the salt-and-pepper-haired, mustachioed tech Caesar desires to do for e-commerce what UPI did for digital funds.
However their largest problem can be to make sure that the community achieves its targets. Amazon and Flipkart dominate the market as their examined expertise attracts retailers and consumers to their platforms. Anil Kumar, chief government officer of Redseer Administration Consulting Pvt Ltd, mentioned the federal government must construct one thing comparable – or higher – if it desires to overhaul the main e-commerce platform.
“Every thing is determined by the community bringing in a wider set of consumers, sellers, fee logistics and warehousing suppliers,” mentioned Bangalore-based Kumar. “The problem is to standardize and streamline the return and refund-like expertise for consumers and sellers, and to create an open community the place everybody wins.”
Nilekani may even be beneath strain to keep away from controversies which have affected his earlier tasks. Aadhaar has been beneath a cloud over issues associated to knowledge privateness, safety and id. The Supreme Court docket of India is at the moment probing a case involving UPI, after a lawmaker accused Amazon, Google and Meta’s WhatsApp of collaborating in techniques with out investigation and allegedly violating guidelines.
If profitable, the e-commerce grid might assist thousands and thousands of small companies go surfing and fear much less about international giants. Amongst these eager to strive it’s 42-year-old Kausar Cheruvantodi, one of many house owners of a five-store baby-product chain in Bangalore. It by no means offered on-line, however the 30% drop in gross sales throughout the pandemic got here as a shock.
“ONDC can change the sport,” Cheruvantodi mentioned. “I am able to combat Amazon and others, low cost for low cost.”
Regardless of the challenges, Nilekani is the suitable man for the job, mentioned Hemant Taneja, managing associate at Palo Alto-based enterprise capital agency Normal Catalyst.
“Nandan is understood for his lengthy sport, with very deliberate considering to arrange techniques for sustainable change, which elements of the economic system needs to be digital public items and which elements are capitalism-inspired,” Taneja mentioned. Taneja mentioned.
Entrepreneurs like Kumar Vembu are excited by the chances of an open mannequin. His startup GoFrugal supplies enterprise software program to greater than 30,000 small retailers and fast service eating places. He’s now serving to to combine tons of of them with the brand new community.
“Till now, small retailers have been bringing knives at gunpoint,” Vembu mentioned. “Now, we will correctly equip them to compete.”
CEO Thampi Koshy, former senior associate at Ernst & Younger, mentioned Open Community is focusing on 100 cities within the coming months.
It took 9 years for Aadhaar to succeed in one billion folks on the platform, whereas UPI took 5 years to cross 4 billion month-to-month transactions. Nilekani mentioned that he’s hopeful that the ONDC can be rolled out very quick as India has already taken this street.
“We’re constructing a brand new curriculum and the aim is to vary the foundations of the e-commerce sport,” he mentioned.